Raigar is a separate and independent caste. Its name is also spelt as Raiger, Regar, Reger, Regad, Rehgar, Reghar etc.TheThe actual population of Regars is about 10 or 11 lacs, but under any misleadng or any conspiracy or any lack of knowledge of actual facts about traditional Chamars in Rajasthan, the actual population of Regars is being shown more then 25.
1- Unconstitutional Merge of Regar Population in others-
It is to be noted about Regars that the unique pattern of the Regar Gotras’ name, system of avoiding the Gotras and villages during marital relations, unique system of the remarriage of a widow or divorcee, unique prohibition against the remarriage of the widow with her younger brother-in-law(Dewar), unique custom to respect the sister-in-law(bhabhi) as a real mother by her younger brother-in-law(Dewar) are such customs and systems of the Regar community which do not resemble with other castes, Whether the social group has any caste name. In spite of it, some people are defaming Regar community that Regar and Chamar are alternates to each another.
Targeting Regar community, some people are misleading that some social groups of Rajasthan have different caste names but these all groups belong to the same caste, whereas Regars marry only in the Regar community. It is also a fact that The Regar people do not marry in the Chamar, Jatav, Ramdasiya, Ravidsiya etc. communities but these later communities have marital relations to each another.
Without taking into consideration of the social customs and prohibitions prevailed in the Regar community, the population of Regar community and the population of some Chamar communities, have been assembled together by the census authorities. But the populations of the Bairwa, Balai, Meghwal(new replacements of traditional Chamar community) has been excluded from the population of Chamars and those are being published one-by-one separately by it. Misusing these facts with other false parameters, an agency has published a fake figure of the population of Regar.
In the above case, the word “Regar’ is still alive. But by an another agency, the population of the Regar community has been merged in the population of the Chamar community under the title of “Chamar”. Consequently the word Regar has disappeared from the demographical picture in Delhi.
It is an important fact that the name of Regar community was entered independently on the serial number 36 in the Rajasthan Scheduled caste list, 1950. But “The Kaka Kalelkar Commission” has removed the name of Regar community from the independent entry and its name is entered on the serial number 17 with other communities beloning of Chamar-Cluster, in the Rajasthan Scheduled caste list, 1956.
It is to be pointed out that either “the Census Department” is not publishing the caste-wise populations of those castes, which have been clustered on the serial number 17, or some agencies have been publishing the population of castes after clustering as accordance themselves.
The above practice of publishing the population of Regar community is wrong and bias, because Regar and Chamar are two separate communities. Rager is an ethnic group, whereas Chamar is a social group and both have been living in Rajputana since before the Christ.
2- Adoption of New Caste Names in Place of Traditional Names-
It is found that the sector-wise groups of so-called Chamar community have renamed their caste name with new words, like Bairwa, Jatav, Ahirwal, Meghwal, Bunkar, Megh, Meghrikhi, Chaupdar, Chhadidar, Sutrakar, Rikhi, etc. and by the Government Orders, those new caste names have been entered in the Revenue Record in place of the traditional word “Chamar”. Also, all of these groups relate themselves to the people of the Indus civilization.  Whereas Regar is an ancient Kshatriya Clan, and it is a branch included into 15 main branches of the old Raghuvanshi Kshatriyas. It is also a proved fact that the word Regar is an expansion of the word Rag(a corrupt form of the word “Raghu”).
3- Misinterpretation of the Rager community- Although, for the time being the Regar families have also indulged into leather works, when traditional leather and hide workers were withdrawn themselves from all leather and hide works. But if Regar families have adopted the livelihood related to the leather work, then it does not mean that Regars have committed a major social offence and hence, they should be penalized and be addressed them with the word “Chamar”. Actually, this practice to describe Regar community under the title of “Chamar” has been developed after the Independence of India and particular after 1956. Under this new ideology, Regars have been misguided through various factors, like writing the wrong social history of the Regar comminity by others, hereditarily connecting Regars with Sant Raidas, uploading some wrong descriptions about Regar community on the various websites etc.
In fact, a wrong practice has been developed on social media to say or assume or write that ethnically, Regar community is also a member of Chamar community. Whereas, Regar is not a member of the so-called Chamar community, which includes Chamar, Meghwal, Balai, Bhambhi, Megh, Meghwar, Jatav, Chamehar, Chambhar, Ahirwal communities of Rajasthan.
It is also a social and economical fact that some other communities, who have indulged into leather works after the independence of India, call themselves Regar. But it does not mean that their caste names also have become the synonyms of the word “Regar”.
Hence the practice of proving Regars as Chamar and merging the population of Regar community in the population of a cluster of some so-called Chamar communities by the Census Department should be stopped as early as possible. And separated Regar population should be mentioned independently under the title of “Regar” only, so that it could be easily traceable for all purposes concerrned with Raiger community. 
It is also found that above practice to describe Regars under the title of “Chamar” is misused, politically and socially against the Regars. Because Regars have been deprived to get political representation in the ratio of the actual Regar population.
It is also seen that in books, those written after 1956, the word “Regar” is also joint with those descriptions, written about some events, happened before or after the Independence of India. For example, Regars didn’t take food of other many lower castes and they have been strong supporter of the Indian National Congress. Regar community has been open freedom fighter and has been also against feudalism(सामंतशाही) as Jat community. Perhaps, Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar was not happy with the activities of the Regar Community. Because no example is found that he would have come to rescue Regars, when they were facing heinous atrocities and they were forced to do all leather work, those had been quitted by some traditional castes of Rajputana. He didn’t attend the “Akhil Bharatiya Regar jati Mahasammelan, Dausa, 1944″. whereas, that was fully supported by the Congress Party. So, it seems impossible that Dr.Ambedkar would have said something about Regars. The word “Regar ” is seemed post addition in the descriptions made about Baba saheb or the various Movements conducted by the Chamar Community, because pre-independence relation of Regars to Dr.Ambedkar is not found.
Actually, the population of the members of the above said collection(Chamar, Meghwal, Balai etc.) should be summed and after that summation, it should be analyzed in the context of all purposes. Because they are having same origin. It is also a possibility that one day, they would definitely call themselves only “Meghwal”.
Hence, If anybody has a curiosity that who were traditional leather workers(tanners, cobblers, shoemakers and scavengers etc.) in Rajaputana and if he wants to write something about them, he may write, subjected to legal rights and boundaries.
But if anybody wants to say something about Regars, he should say or write or upload only about Regars under a separate title of “Reger or Raigar or Regar or Raiger or Rehgar or Reghar”. Don’t try to link it with the word Chamar or the traditional leather workers. 
If so-called Chamars or their descendants are not liking to call them Chamars or leather workers.  Then, why it is being tried a new (नये सिरे से) to establish that ancient Regars are the traditional Chamars of Rajputana.
Actually, Regars have got major set back professionally and socially, when they had come in the nearer contact to the Chamar community. But what sin committed by Regars in that period, whole members of the Regar community have taken village wise holy bath in the water of the river Ganges for getting rid off that sin. This is an unprecedented event.
4-To publish population of Regar community, independently- Anyone, what says about any Hindu caste, is not a point of discussion, here. But it is a point that the most of the scholors, historians, sociologists either have failed or overlooked to make genealogical differences between Regars and other so-called Chamar communities. Thus without dipping in this problem, it is better that the population of Regars must be assigned only under the title of “Regar”.
References with comments:
 – www.peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=48214
By the websiter, the independent social identity of the Regar community living in India has been finished. It is the most probable thing that he knowingly, has not published the separate population of Regars. The false facts mentioned on the website, are fabricated as:,
Affinity Group: South Asian Peoples
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Rajasthan
Language: Dhundari – (dhed)
Alternate Name(s): Jatav, Regar, Chamehar, Ramdasia, Chamar, Chambhar
Primary Religion: Hinduism Country: India
Also found in:
Global Population: 2,845,000
Progress of the Gospel: Engaged yet Unreached
Global Status of Evangelical Christianity: 1
Overview: The Regar & Jatav Chamar of India, numbering 2,845,000, are Engaged yet Unreached. They are part of the Rajasthan people cluster within the South Asian Peoples affinity bloc. This people group is only found in India. Their primary language is Dhundari. The primary religion practiced by the Regar & Jatav Chamar is Hinduism, the predominant religious tradition of the Indian subcontinent. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.
Whereas Real Heredity of Regars is as bellow:
(1)- It is not a true fact that Regar, Jatav, Chamar, Ramdasia, Chamehar, Chambhar are the alternate names. In the above said website, it is not revealing that from where this fact has been quotted. So, it is questionable that fromwhere these false facts are fabricated? In this matter, it has been found that the first of all Shri Yad Ram singh Yadav mentioned on pages p.11 of his booklet “Dhoulpur Darshan” that the Jatavs are another important society in the Dhaulpur district.The 12% population of the district Dhaulpur is of Jatavas. Their other sub-tribes are Bhambhi, Jatiya, Mochi, Raidas, Raigar and Ramdasiya. The Jatav-Chamars have not made any significant progress since independence.[(4)- जाटव: (धौलपुर) जिले में अन्य महत्वपूर्ण समाज जाटवों का है। यह यहाँ की जनसंख्या का 12% है। इनकी अन्य उपजातियाँ भांभी, जटिया, मोची, रैदास, रैगर तथा रामदासिया है। यहाँ जाटव-चमारों ने आज़ादी के बाद कोई खास तरक्की नहीं की है। …..धौलपुर दर्शन, पृष्ठ संख्या -11]। But Shri Yadav has propounded a false social fact that Regar is a sub-tribe of Jatavas. Although, Shri Yadav was born in the Jatav community, but he did not think that Jatav is not any traditional or an old caste name. He has also ignored the creation history of this word, beacuse it is a real fact that In the Uttar Predesh province, a coalition of some Chamar communities was made in the very early of the 20th century, which was naming by the word “Jatav”. In the decade of twenties some Regar families living in the Bharatpur and Dhaulpur Riyasats also mingled in that coalation, but they used to make marital relations with Regars only. After sometime that coalition established as the Jatava caste. Gradually, the Regars of that coalition broke out totally relations with original Regars and the Regars included in the Jatav coalition were not invited into the “Pratham Akhil Bharateey Raiger Mahasammelan, Dausa, 1944(प्रथम अखिल भारतीय रैगर महासम्मेलन, दौसा, 1944).
Hence, it is clear that the word ‘Regar’ is not an alternate of the Jatav, Chamar, Ramdasia, Chamehar, Chambhar.It seems that the source provider has cunningly provided an information in such a manner to the agency that some traditional Chamar communities would free from the word ‘Chamar’ and the word ‘Chamar’ has to be sticked with Regars. Whereas. if some Regars are indulged into leather work, then it does not mean that Regars are traditional Chamars and the word ‘Regar’ is an alternate of the word ‘Chamar’ or a new replacement of its. Also it is an evident fact that In the Revenue Record of the Rajpoot Riyasats, the name of the Regar farmer has been always entered with his Regar caste name. But it is not true for above said other castes, because they always were entered with Chamar caste name.
The reporter has concealed this fact from the agency that Bairwa, Balai, Bhambhi, Meghwal, Jatav etc. are the new replacements or alternate(s) of the word “Chamar”, whereas it is a real fact. Born in the Meghwal community, Mr. R .P. Singh I. P. S.(rtd.) has also clearly mentioned on the pages 60,61,62 of his Book the “Meghvansh Ek Singhavlokan” that Balai, Jatav. Bairwa, Chamar, Meghwal are members of the traditional Chamar cluster and they should adopt the word “Meghwal” instead of these alternates, as their caste name. Shri Singh has kept a big silence about the heredity of the Rregars, because he knows that Regar community is a separate caste. In fact, that contrary to Shri Singh, the cunning reporter unnecessarily, has tried to show the word “Regar” as a new or replacement of the word “Chamar of Rajasthan”.
(2)- By using the clause “Regar & Jatav Chamar“, the reporter has committed an another cunningful job. He has tried that the world must forget that who were traditional Chamars in Rajasthan? He cunningly, has also divided Jatav community in two parts:
(i) Jatav-The group of Jatavas ,who has given up the leather work, is not a part of Chamar cluster, but they are the member of the Bairwa, Balai, Bhambhi, Meghwal cluster, because they have given up all the leather and the hide work.
In fact, it is a wrong opinion, because the word “cluster” may be used only for a collection of some castes having some same properties, But it is a false fact regarding Indian caste system that the caste names of a cluster are reciprocally alternates .or they are of same heredity.
(ii) Jatav Chamar- The group of Jatavas ,who are still indulged into the leather work, is a part of Chamar cluster.
The above division has not been done with clean hand and with the open mind, because no Jatav says that “Jatav” and “Jatav chamar” are two separate castes, whereas in the beginning, “Jatav chamar” and “Jatav Regar” were two separate castes of the Jatav coalition, having no marital relations between them. It has been also established with bad intention that the word “Regar” is an alternate of the word “Jatav chamar” If someone(Shri Yas Ram Singh Yadav) has established false social facts about a community, it does not mean that by these facts, that community be done defame. They must explore real facts, But it has not been explored properly and keenly. Also by changing livelihood or quitting traditional occupation by any ethnic group, his caste, creed, race, genealogy wouldn’t have changed. Hence, the agency should take keen action against these unconstitutional facts.
(3)- It is true that few dozen Gotras in the Jatav community are same as Regar comminity, but it does not mean that the Regar is alternate of the word ‘Jatav chamar’.The reason of the similarity of Gotras in both the communities is due to “Jatav Regar” merged in the Jatav community, which has been clarified in the above points.
(4)- Without proper inquiry and studies, Shri Roopchand Jaluthariya born in Regar community has relied on the false hypothesis propounded by Shri Yad Ram Yadav that Regar community is “the sub-caste of the Jatavas”.
Shri Jaluthathriya has also tried to verify the above hypothesis by the Gotras’ similarity and old marital relations in the both community. Shri Jaluthariya also has propounded it also, in his Book “Regar Jati ka Itihas, 2001” that the Regar Gotras’ names are put by the names of villages situated in the Bharatpur-Dhaulpur districts and adjoing areas.But it is also a false hypothesis.
The reasons of the Gotras’ similarity and old marital relations have been clarified in the above points, from which it has proved that Regar is not any sub-caste of the Jatavas. In fact, The word “Jatav” took birth in the early of the 20 the century A.D. by the inspiration of Swami Achhutanandji. Whereas Regar is an ancient Kshatriya clan, belonging to Raghuvanshi Kshatriyas. Once upon, Regars were dominant in the areas of east-and east-south Rajputana and its outer adjoins. The families of various clans of the Regars inhabitated separately. The inhabition of each clan developed into a village.For, example, The two inhabitations of the Kamokhariya clan are called Kamokhari and Khamokhraa villages.
Although the hypothesis of Shri Roopchand Jaluthariya is prima-faciely, wrong, ridiculous and absurd. But he has also mentioned some very useful facts on the page 19 of his Book, what he had actually, seen during the independence of India. Shri Jaluthariya has mentioned that there is no relation of us(Regars) with Raidas or Chamars. Only due weakness of the Regar leaders our name(Regar) has been written in the bracket of Chamar communities in the list of Scheduled Caste, 1956. Whereas in the list of 1950/51 the word “Regar” is listed at the separate serial number. In fact, Regar is neither the Raidasya nor Chamar. if anybody says Raidasya or Chamar to Regars, is totally wrong.
It is also to be noted that before independence of India, Jatavs were called Chamars.It is clear that two controversial facts have been arised here. But it is only happened due to wrong hypothesis, established by Shri Roopchand Jaluthariya. Because Regar is an ancient Kshatriya clan. Whereas the word “Jatav” took birth nearby 1920 A.D..
That is, it proves that without knowing reality about Regar genealogy, on the website it has been mentioned that Jatav, Regar, Chamehar, Ramdasia, Chambhar are the “Alternate Names” of the word “Chamar”. Hence, this wrong assumption should be rectified. No need to praise the Regar community by the big fake population figure.
(5)- If by the circulars of the Government of India or Rajasthan, the words Chamar, Dhedh and or Bhambi, written in the “Revenue Records” have been replaced by the words Bairwa, Balai, Meghwal , Jatav and Airwal, then why is being now propounding that the “Regar” is synonym of the word “Chamar”? Whereas “Regar” is an ancient word and it is an extension of the word “Ragh” . Ragh Kshatriyas ruled over in Iran also, before Christ.
(6)- Actually, Regars are those who call themselves Regar only. If census authorities also have established a wrong theory to call those Regars with the word Chamar, then it is a big blunder(mistake). This mistake is to be rectified, as early as possible. Because it is harming the political rights of Regars.
That is, whatsoever has assumed or happened till now knowingly or unknowingly, the population of Regar community must be separated from the population of the Jatav, Chamehar, Ramdasia, Chamar, Chambhar. And that separated population should be shown under the title of “Regar” only.
(7) it is true that the name of Regar community with many other castes has been listed at a single serial number in the Scheduled Caste list, 1956. It is a fact that “The Kaka Kalelkar Commission” has finished the independent entry of Regar in above list. The commission has given independent and separate entry to Bairwa, Balai, Meghwal, whereas those names were not listed in the Rajasthan Scheduled catse list, 1950. What game has been played is immaterial? But it is wrong to infer that Regar and other castes who listed on a single serial number in the list of 1956 are of an ethinic group and the development of any caste among them should be deemed as the development of all those castes,
– http://en.wikipedia.org wiki/List of Scheduled Castes in Delhi
By the websiter, the independent social identity of the Regar* community living in Delhi has been finished. It is the most probable thing that he knowingly, has not published the Regar census. The related part is as bellow:
S. no. – List of Scheduled Castes in Delhi- Scheduled Caste Population 2001
4- Balai – 90,010
10-. Chamar, Chanwar, Chamar***** – 893,384
17- Julaha(Weaver) – 60,496
22- Koli – 167,005
27- Meghwal *** – 4,407
(1)- *- Regar is a separate and independent caste.
**- The population of Regar community in Delhi is not recorded in the scheduled. It seems that with bad intention, the population of Regars is mingled in the population of the Chamar community.
***- Colored castes are Meghvanshies as per Mr. R.P. Singh I.P.S. (rtd.). But Regars are Raghuvanshies.
(2) Please, see the interpretation of the actual heredity of Regars, as mentioned in the reference number  and take it positively that Regars are not Chamaras.
 – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Scheduled_castes_in_ Rajasthan::
List of Scheduled castes in Rajasthan:: A Part is taken as:
Number Name of the Castes/Sub-castes/Synonyms Population
*5- Berwayi 931,030
*7- Balai 643,189
*16 – Bola 402
*17 Chamar, Bhambhi, Bambhi 2,465,563
*37 Koli, Kori 453,074
*42 Mahyavanshi, Dhed, Dheda 325
*46 Megh, Meghval, Meghwal 2,060,454
*50 Raigar 3,026,478
*51 Salvi 57,255
(1)-The websiter has published the population data as accordance with him. At present, the website www.peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=48214 has been revised. The photo of a person belonging to the Bairwa caste tagging with it has been blacked and the population data has been also revised and that new data is same as being seen on the serial number 50 of the above list.
(2)- Please, see the interpretation of the actual heredity of Regars, as mentioned in the reference number  and take it positively that Regars are not Chamar, Jatav, Ramdasiya, Ravidasiya or Raidas.The population of the Regars assembled with the populations of these communities should be separated and the population of the Regar community should be entered independently. In fact, the word “Regar” is not synonym of the these caste names. The original population of Regars may not be 3,026,478. That is, as per above website, it seems that the population of some Jatavas etc. communities has been merged in the he original population of the Regar community.
(3)- Berwayi is a new idea of the wesiter for the word Bairwa or Berwa.
(4)- The most of the Bola people are using the word “Regar” as their caste name. In fact, only Bolas are Regars.
(5)- The members of the colored castes and Jatav are Meghvanshies as mentioned by Mr. R. P. Singh I. P. S. (rtd.), whereas Regars are Raghuvanshies.
- The Meghvansh ek Singhavalokan(मेघवंश एक सिंहावलोकन) written by R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.), pp.11, 12 is as bellow:
‘मेघवंश’ का उद्भव ‘मेघऋषि’ से माना जाता है। वे सिंधु सभ्यता के प राक्रमी शासक थे। मेघ ऋषि के वंशजों को ही मेघवाल कहा जाता है।……. यह भी कहा जाता है कि इस समाज को मेघऋषि के “वाल″ अर्थात् “वंशज” होने के नाते “मेघवाल″ कहा गया है।……..
श्री नवल योगी की पुस्तक “सिंधु घाटी के सृजनकर्त्ता – शूद्र और वणिक” में जिस सिंधु घाटी क्षेत्र का वर्णन है, उसमें समूचा पश्चिमोत्तर अविभाजित भारत, जिसमें सम्पूर्ण पाकिस्तान, पंजाब, हरियाणा, राजस्थान, गुजरात और पश्चिमी उत्तर प्रदेश का भूभाग आता है। यह क्षेत्र मिश्र के क्षेत्र से लगभग चार गुना, ईराक और मिश्र दोनों के क्षेत्र से लगभग दोगुना था। यही क्षेत्र मेघऋषि का क्षेत्र था। क्योंकि इसी क्षेत्र में मेघ, मेघवाल, मेघवंशी, कोरी, कोली, कोष्टी, बलाई, साल्वी, सूत्रकार, कबीरपंथी, जाटव, बैरवा, चांदौर, चमार इत्यादि पर्यायी नाम से जानी जानेवाली “मेघ ऋषि” की जातियों का बाहुल्य रहा है। यह बात इससे भी स्पष्ट होती है कि उस समय सिंधु घाटी का अन्य देशों से जो व्यापारिक सम्बन्ध था, उसमें कपड़े और अनाज के व्यापर की प्रमुखता थी।
That is, Mr. R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.), who belongs to so-called Meghwal community says that “Meghvansh” has been prevailed after Meghrishi. He was a brave ruler of the Indus civilization. The descendants of Meghrishi are called Meghwal. And Chamar, Jatav, Bairwa, Balai, Bhambhi, Megh, Meghwal, Meghvanshi, Kori, Koli, Koshti, Saalavi, Sutrakar, Kabirpanthi, Chandaur etc. communities are Meghvanshies.
He also says that the province comprised with present Pakistan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and the western Uttar Pradesh was under the rule(reign) of Meghrishi and Meghvanshies have been highly populated in this province.
[ But the continuity of the word Meghrishi with the present word Meghwal has been not seen, historically.
Whereas a part of the province comprised with present Afghanistan and North West Frontier was the land of Ragas(Forefathers of Regars). It is justified with this fact that Ragh(रग) city and Raghistan(रगिस्तान) are still existed in Badkhshan in Afghanistan. Where, Ragh is the district head quarter of the district Raghistan(land of Raghas = रग रघुवंशी लोगों का आवास).
Since Ragas were descendants of Suryavanshi Maharaja Raghu. Thus Raghuvanshi Regars have no connection with Meghrishies or so-called Chamar community.]
- The Bairwa Samudaay ka Itihas(बैरवा समुदाय का इतिहास)written by Mangilal Paliwal ‘Shramratna”, pp. 67
बैरवा जाति का सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता काल में प्रमाण – भारत की सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता विश्व प्रसिद्ध एवं प्राचीन मानी गयी है।………इतिहासकारों के अनुसार सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता काल के समय यह जाति(बैरवा जाति) बरबरा नाम से जानी जाती थी।
That is, Mr. Mangilal Paliwal ‘Shramratna”, who belongs to so-called Bairwa community says that Bairwas are the descendants of the Barbara people of the Indus civilization.
[ But, here also the continuity of the word Barbara with the present word Bairwa has been not seen, historically.]
(6) The word Regar is an expansion of the word Rag(a corrupt form of the word “Raghu”) as bellow:
Raghu→ Ragh →Rag→ Ragar → Rahgar/Raghar → Rehgar/Reghar → Raigar → Raiger/Regar.
In fact, all above words exist historically, sociologically and geographically.
And 15 main branches of Raghuvanshi Kshatriyas are as bellow:
(1) Gahlot (2) Seekarwar (3) Badgujar (4) Badel (5) Kachhavaha (6) Banaphal (7) Gaharwar (8) Rathod (9) Bundela (10) Nikumbh (11) Gurjjer (12) Rag(Ragar)(13) Abhir (14) Shak (15) Jat
(7) Meghvansh ek Singhavalokan(मेघवंश एक सिंहावलोकन) written by R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.), pp. 60
क्षेत्र भेद और प्रान्त भेद के कारण मेघवंश समाज मेघरिख, रिखिया, मेघ, मेघवंशी, मेघवाल, बलाई, भाम्भी, चान्दौर, चानौर, जुलाहे, सालवी, चोपदार, कोटवाल, छड़ीदार, बुनकर, कोष्टी(कोली, कोरी), बैरवा, जाटव, चमार आदि कई नामों से पुकारा जाता है।……मेघवंश माला के मनके अनेक है, पर माला एक ‘मेघवंश’ है ।
That is, Mr. R. P. Singhji also says that words, like Meghrikh, Rikhiya, Megh, Meghvanshi, Meghwal, Balai, Bhambhi, Chandaur, Chanaur, Julahe, Salvi, Chaupadar, Kotwal, Chhadidar, Bunkar, Koshti(Koli, Kori) Bairwa, Jatav, Chamar etc. are provincial synonyms of the word “Meghvansh”. He has also inspired the members of all above communities to call themselves Meghvanshies.
[ Clearly, it has been established by Mr. R.P. Singhji that except Regars, Jatiyas, Mochies all above communities, like Bairwa, Jatav, Chamar, Megh, Meghvanshi, Meghwal, Balai etc. are the members of a single collection(group), called Meghvanshi.]
A wrong practice has been adopted to prove Regars as Chamar on so many websites, like this website.
Although as per this website, it is justified that Rehgar(Regar) is historically a salt and lime producing caste and ethnically it is a separate clan or caste or community from the collection (Chamar, Megh, Balai, Bhambhi, Dhed, Meghwal, Bairwa, Jatav, Ahirwal, Chandaur etc.)
But the etymology of the word Rehgar(Regar) has been misjudged even, by some sociologists and etymologists (शब्द-संरचना के परिभाषाकर्त्ता), belonging to so-called lower communities and they have given wrong and biased definitions of this word. For example:
(a) In the Encyclopaedia of Untouchables Ancient, Medieval and Modern written by Dr. Raj Kumar, 2008 : Gyan Publishing House, Delhi, the word “Rehgar” is defined on pp. 380 as bellow:
“This is true also of the shoragar or saltpetre-makee, who is sometimes called Rehgar from reh or saline efflorescence. But the two terms applied to the same class of men, who indeed, now that the making of salt is prohibited in most parts of the….”
[ But it is a wrong definition of the word “Rehgar”. Because both the Rehgar and Shorgar are two different ethnic groups(castes). Actually, Shorgars are Muslims. Generally, they have engaged with the fireworks and make crackers. Secondly, both the shor and gar syllables, seeing in this word shorgar are two meaningful words of the Persian language. where, shor is used for shora(saltpeter) and gar means worker. That is, Shorgar is a Persian(Irani) word. Whereas Rehgar(Regar) is a Hindu Kshatriya community by its birth.
Although in Hindi language, Reh means saline soil. But syllables Reh and gar, seeing in the word Rehgar are neither Hindi and Persian words respectively, nor they have been come independently in this word from any literature. Because the word “Rehgar” is a result of the changing pronunciation of the word “Raghu”, as bellow:
रघु → रघ → रग → रगर → रहगर → रेहगर→ रैगर/रेगर
Raghu → Ragh → Rag → Ragar → Rahgar → Rehgar→ Raiger or Raigar or Regar
Where, all these are ancient and international words.
That is, Dr. Raj Kumar has misinterpreted that the words Rehgar and Shorgar are synonyms to each other. I think, he had to define the word “Rehgar” correlating with the Regar Raghuvanshi Hindu community, without any bias.
Although in the medieval era Rehgar(Raigar/Raiger/Regar/Reghar) was not untouchable community. But at present, Raigers have been included in the list of scheduled castes in Rajasthan, even then in the above Encyclopaedia, the word Raiger is not defined, Why?
But it seems that he has misunderstood the word Rehgar(Regar) and overlooked this social fact that Regar community is neither a sub caste of Chamar nor the word “Regar” is a synonym of the word “Chamar”.
Actually, for any Hindu Caste, “To be a sub caste” and “to be categorised in” are two different social concepts (phenomenons). From them first concept deals with genealogy, whereas second one deals with only occupation. For example, if a Jat sells namak, mirch, tel aadi(salt, chilli, oil etc.), then it does not mean that the Kshatriya word “Jat” has become a synonym of the Vaishy word “Vanik”. That is, the Regar can be categorised in only that Regar has been indulged into leather business or work for a short period. But neither Regar is a traditional leather worker nor genealogically, Regar is a subcaste of Chamar.
(b) In the Apni Bat(अपनी बात) of the Meghvansh ek Singhavalokan (मेघवंश एक सिंहावलोकन) written by R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.), 2008: Ravi Prakashan Nai Dilli, pp. third the word “Regar” is defined in the as bellow:
शूद्रों में जो लोग लड़ने मरने और सेवा करने में माहिर थे, उन्हें “महार” बना दिया, जो पासवां(पासवान) थे, उन्हें पासी या पासवान बना दिया, जो अहि(दुश्मन) को मारने वाले थे, उन्हें “अहिरवाल, संखवार, दोहरे, कोरी बना दिया, जो धान कूटने वाले थे, उन्हें “धानक” बना दिया, जो बलवा करते थे, उन्हें “बलाई” बना दिया, जो कपड़ा बुनते थे, उन्हें बुनकर(जुलाहा) बना दिया, जो जीतने में दुसाध्य थे, उन्हें “दुसाध” बना दिया, जो चमड़ा रंगते थे, उन्हें “रेगर” बना दिया, जो जूते बनाते थे, उन्हें “मोची” बना दिया, जो घोड़े की जीन बनाते थे, उन्हें जीनकर बना दिया गया।
That is, as per Mr. R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.) tanners are called Regar, shoemakers are called Mochi and Saddler are called Jeengar. They are only leather workers. But his caste fellows, calling Chamars are not Charmkars(Please see pt.10 also).
[ But it seems that Mr. Singh has not considered those social and occupational facts that so-called Chamars of Rajputana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh have been tanning hides for thousands years, why they have been not called Regars instead of Chamars. The Chamars are also traditional shoemakers. Ravidasji belongs to Chamar community and he would make shoes. Thus it is a social fact that Chamar is an ethnic group who has been preparing leather and making leather materials for thousands of years and this ethnic group has been calling, perpetually with the word “Charmar”.
Although traditional Chamar word has been substituted or replaced by other so-called Susanskrit words, like Bairwa, Jatav, Meghwal, even by the Government order. But it is very shameful that the ancient word “Regar” has been propagated as Chamar with anew, after the Independence of India. Whereas Regar is a separate ethnic group. Reghar would live in the era of Maharaja Vikrmajeet of Ujiyani 01 B.C. and Hurada(Bhilwada) Inscription of Regar Kanaji Udaiya is of Baisakh Bud 02 Vikrami Savat 1062(1005 A.D.). Hence it is to be considered that how the word “Regar” could alive up to the thosand years and why the Regars could have not called Chamars. Whereas those Regars of Bharatpur province who included in the big bulk of Jatav community after 1922 A.D. they had been forced to call themselves Chamar and they would have written Chamar in the Revenue Record.
Actually Regars are not traditional leather workers. But it seems that someone has been trying to vest Regars with the word Chamar. This practice should be protested or opposed and stopped and the Regar population should be separated in each and every record from the population of so-called Chamar communities.]
(10) Meghvansh Ek Singhavalokan(मेघवंश एक सिंहावलोकन) written by R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.) pp. 33
…..”चमार” शब्द चमड़े से सम्बंधित न होकर, संस्कृतभाषा के शब्द “च” तथा “मार” की संधि से बना है। संस्कृत में “च” का अर्थ “और” तथा “मार” का अर्थ “मारना” होता है। अतः “चमार” का अर्थ हुआ “और मारो”। उस समय उन लोगों को भय होगा कि बाहुबल पर अधीन किया गया एक विकसित समाज, उनको कहीं पहले ही नहीं “मार दे”। इसलिये मेघवंशी चँवरों को “और मारो(च + मार) कहकर “चमार” की संज्ञा दी गयी तथा इस समाज को “और मारो, और मारो” कहते हुए बार-बार पीटकर दब्बू बनाया गया। नीच व गंदे काम करवाये गये। उन्हें मरे हुए पशुओं व चमड़े से जोड़कर, घृणा का पात्र बनाया गया। इसी “चंवर” समाज से घृणा और ईर्ष्यावश थोपे गए चमड़े का कार्य करने के कारण “चमार” नाम को चमड़े से जोड़ दिया गया।
That is, Mr. R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.) says that so-called Chamars are not Charmkars(traditonal leather workers and Scavengers). They are Meghvanshies and the word Chamar is not a corrupt form of the word Charmkar(leather worker etc.). Because it is generated by the addition of the word Maar(मार = ‘to beat’) with Ch(च = a Sanskrit word which means “and = और “).That is:
Chamar = Ch + Maar (Beat again and again to Meghvanshi Chanwars and engage them into the work of hiding and scavengering)
[But it also looks, like a ridiculous hypothecation as how the ridiculous and absurd etymologies of words Chamar and Meghwal have been hypothecated on pp. 218-219 and 220-221 respectively in the Rajasthan ki Jatiyon ka samajik evm Arthik Jeevan(राजस्थान की जातियों का सामाजिक एवं आर्थिक जीवन) by Dr. Kailashnath Vyas and Devendrasingh Gahlot. That is, the word Chamar is a corrupt form of the word Charmkar(leather worker)]
(11) In the Bairwa Samudaay ka Itihas(बैरवा समुदाय का इतिहास) written by Mangilal Paliwal ‘Shramratn”,
No single word has been written as indicating that before the independence of India, they or their forefathers were called or written as Chamar and they had been leather workers.
(12) Meghvansh ek Singhavalokan(मेघवंश एक सिंहावलोकन) written by R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.) pp.11:
……मेघवाल का असली शब्द “मेघवार” है। मेघवार की जगह प्रायः “मेघवाल″ शब्द का प्रयोग किया जाता है। मेघवार शब्द संस्कृत के “मेघ” तथा “वार” के मेल से बना है। “मेघ” का अर्थ “बादल अथवा वर्षा” तथा “वार” का अर्थ “प्रार्थना” है। इस प्रकार “मेघवार” का अर्थ उन लोगों से है, जो वर्षा के लिये प्रार्थना करते हैं।…… अतः “मेघवाल″ वर्षा के पानी से खेती करने वाले लोग हैं। वे भारत के किसान है।
That is, Mr. R. P. Singh has developed a hypothecation that Meghwals are those people, who do farming with the rain-water. That is:
Megh + War →Meghwar → Meghwal
where, the Sanskrit word ‘Megh’ means clouds and the Sanskrit word ‘War’ means to pray. That is Meghwar means the people who would pray for raining.
But he did not verify the above hypothecation.
[ Whereas in the European languages“Regar means-to water” has been prevailing since long ago. That is Regars were big farmers, even before the Christ, who used to irrigate with the rain water, applying a specific drainage-system. Perhaps the special irrigation system of the eastern Rajputana was develped or set up or planed by Regar Kshatriyas. Which is justified from this fact that Rehgars(Regars) had inhabited in the province, situated on the boundaries of the present Rajathan and Madhypradesh after the fall of Maharaja Vikramajit(Vikrmaditya) of Ujiyani in 01 B.C. and from where, they have expanded to north and north-west Rajputana. It is also a socio-geographical fact that Reghar(Regar) Kshatriyas would inhabit subclanwise. The most of subclanwise inhahitations have been converted into villages in the above province. Actually Khatnavali(खटनावली), Navali(नावली), Naroli(नारोली), Gahnoli(गहणोली), Singhada(सिंघाड़ा), khankheda(खानखेड़ा), Uchchain(उच्चैन), Hindaun(हिण्डौन), Masalpur(मासलपुर), Karoti(करोती), Kathumar(कठूमर), Dhaulpur(धौलपुर, a village near Kanchanpur), Basedi (बसेड़ी), Kansot(कांसोट), Mandawar(मण्डावर), Kacharoli(काचरोली), Khajoti(खजोती), Kamokhari(कमोखरी), Badoli(बड़ोली), Falwada(फलवाड़ा), Sanwasa(संवासा), Umari(उमरी), Karadi(कराड़ी), Gogor(गोगोर), Manoli(माणोली), Ghatoli(घाटोली), Khareta(खरेटा), Gunsara(गुणसारा), Dhanwada(धनवाड़ा), Kachawati(कचावटी), Rajor(राजोर), Baseth(बसेठ), Chandoli(चांदोली), Jharoti(झारोटी), ……… Badi (बाड़ी), Deeg(डीग), Jagar(जगर), Goth(गोठ), Deegari(डीगरी), Bansi(बांसी), ……..etc. are aleast 200 villages in the eastern Rajsthan, seem to be prevailed after the names of Regar subclans, like Khatnavaliya, Navaliya, Naroliya, Gahnoliya, Singhadiya, khankhediya, Uchchainiya, Hindauniya, Masalpuriya, Karotiya, Kathumariya, Dhaulpuriya, Basediya(Bachhediya), Kansotiya, Mandawariya, Kacharoliya, Khajotiya, Kamokhariya, Badoliya, Falwadiya, Sanwasiya, Umariya, Karadiya, Gogoriya, Manoliya), Ghatoliya, Kharetiya, Gunsariya, Dhanwadiya, Kachawatiya, Rajoriya, Basethiya, Chandoliya, Jharotiya, …………… Badiwal, Deegwal, Jagarwal, Gothwal, Bansiwal, …….etc. respectively.
Although the most forefathers of the Jatavas were of so-called Chamar community. But a group of Regar families of above province(Bharatpur, Dhaulpur, Karauli districts with adjoining Tehsils of adjacent districts) had merged in the Jatav community and alienated from the main Regar Community forever.
Thus only basis of the above social event, it can’t be recognized that the word Regar becomes a synonym of the word Jatav. But since it is a fact that inspiring by Swami Achhutanandji(स्वामी अछूतानन्दजी) of Agra, the whole people belonging to the Chamar community of the western Uttar Pradesh had called themselves Jatav in the first half of the third decade of the 20th century A.D. Knowing this fact, people belonging to the other castes never made differences between Regar-Jatav and Chamar-Jatav of Rajputana and hence all the Jatav people belonging to the eastern Rajputana have been called and written as Chamar in the private or Government records of Rajputana, even after the independence of India. But Regars are never called and written as Chamar.(Please, see revenue records of that time)
to water; to screw up
1. to water (con agua) (planta, campo); to hose down (calle)
regaron la comida con un buen vino tinto they washed down the meal with a good red wine
2. to flow through (sujeto: río)
el río que riega la región the river which flows through the region
3. to supply with blood (sujeto: vasos sanguíneos)
esta arteria riega de sangre los pulmones this artery supplies blood to the lungs
4. to sprinkle, to scatter(desparramar)
(14) Swami Achhutanandji : In The Meghvansh ek Singhavalokan(मेघवंश एक सिंहावलोकन) written by R. P. Singh I.P.S.(rtd.), on pp. 47-48 as bellow:
उत्तरप्रदेश में स्वामी अछूतानन्द जी(Achhutanandji) ने “आदि हिन्दू ” आंदोलन शुरू किया। उन्होंने चमारों में सामाजिक जागरण का कार्य प्रारम्भ किया। इस अभियान में चमारों को चमड़ा रंगना, चमड़ा उतारना और दूसरे गंदे काम छोड़ने को कहा गया। सीताराम मानसिंह नाम के बड़े धनिक उद्योगपति, जिनका आगरा में एक कपड़े का बड़ा कारखाना मिल था, ने इस काम में उनका भरपूर सहयोग दिया। सीताराम ने जमुना किनारे चमारों के नहाने के लिये बहुत ही सुन्दर घाटों का निर्माण करवाया, जिन पर चमार सम्मान पूर्वक स्नान कर सकते थे।
स्वामी अछूतानन्दजी के नेतृत्व में इस आंदोलन के प्रमुख नेता आगरे की जीवनी मंडी के डॉ. माणिक चाँद सेठ, गोपीचंद सेठ, बनवारी लाल , सेठ रामनारायण दास, यादवेन्द्र सेठ, केशवचन्द्र, रामस्वरूप तथा चन्द्रभान आदि थे। डॉ. माणिकचन्द और उसके सहयोगियों ने मिलकर “चमार(Chamar)” नाम के कलंक को दूर करने के लिये जाट, यादव, जातियों की तर्ज पर चमारों को सम्मानजनक नाम देने का विचार किया तथा उसके(चमार के) स्थान पर “जाटव(Jatav)” शब्द का विकल्प दिया। कुछ सुधारवादी नेताओं ने चमार नाम से पिंड छुड़ाने के लिये दूसरा नाम “यादव” सुझाया। बाद में यही “जाटव ” कहे जाने लगे। सर्वसम्मति से फैसला किया गया कि अब वे सभी अपने नाम के आगे “जाटव वीर(Jatav Veer)” लगायेंगे। इसके बाद डॉ. माणिक चंद से डॉ. माणिक चंद जाटव वीर हो गये। 1920 में उनकी अध्यक्षता में “भारतीय जाटव वीर युवा परिषद (Bharatiy Jatav Veer Yuva Parishad)” का गठन हुआ।
That is, the word “Jatav” is a new word of the 20 th century.
[Thus Roopchand Jaluthariya has made a wrong hypothecation in his book “Regar jati ka Itihas” that Jatav community was existed before 1000 years also and Regars have come out from that Jatav community. Actually, “Jatav” was a Movement(compaign) and persons, who were indulging into leather work in Uttar Pradesh had included in that Movement and began to call themselves “Jatav”.
Perhaps, due to lack of knowlege of the real etymology of the word “Regar” and inspiring with that the word “Jatav” is a caste name, like Jat, yadav etc., some Regar people of Bharatpur province had also began to call themselves “Jatav”. Wheras the word “Regar” is itself an ancient Kshatriya clan.
Hence it is a wrong hypothecation of Mr. Jaluthariya that some Jatav families one by one has been converting into Regar group since 1000 years. Whereas Jatav is a new organisation of families of some so called lower castes. That is , a wrong inference on the website www.peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=48214, has been uploaded that the words jatav Chamar, Chamar, Ramdasiya and Regar are alternate names of each other.
Ramdasiyas are also called themselves non Chamars.
That is , what says anyone about the etymology of any Hindu caste’s name, is not a point of discussion, here. But it seems that the most of the scholors, historians, sociologists either have failed or overlooked to make genealogical differences between Regars and other so-called Chamar communities. Thus without entangling in this problem, it is better that the actual population of Regars must be assigned only under the title of “Regar”.